How Air Conditioner Condensers Make a Difference

Air conditioning or AC is the method of eliminating heat from a closed surface, hence cooling the air and eliminating humidity. Air conditioning works in both industrial and residential environments. You'll discover your air conditioner has numerous vital components and the ac condenser is one of them. The air conditioning cycle has numerous steps and the condenser is a significant part. The air conditioning condenser enables the gas to emit heat, which undergoes outdoor expulsion. Without it, the refrigerant can't be cooled and discharge its heat outside, so that it can return inside. Here's how this component makes a difference.

How a Condenser Works

The condenser unit is typically outside and its major role is that of a heat exchanger in which it condenses a refrigerant from a gaseous to a liquid state. From there, the refrigerant produces latent heat and moves to the condenser coolant. In the refrigeration cycle, a heat pump moves heat from a low to high temperature. Naturally, heat flows in the reverse direction due to the second thermodynamic law. Since evaporation takes place during heat absorption and condensation occurs during heat emission, ACs are designed to use compressors to produce pressure changes between two sections and pump refrigerant actively. The heat exchanger is frequently a series of tubes that enable the passage of the high-pressure refrigerant numerous times. As the refrigerant passes through the tubes, heat escape occurs because of fins. A fan positioned outside your air conditioner condenser allows cooler air to take the heat and blows it back out of your unit. Once the refrigerant cools, it converts back into a liquid and prepares for the next air conditioning cycle.

Problems that Could Affect the Condenser

Like other electrical components, your condenser could have issues that affect its function or may prevent the AC from functioning entirely. Bear in mind that the fins and condensing coils could get dirty because of outdoor exposure.

We recommend you keep them clean because it could obstruct airflow and slow the process involved in cooling the refrigerant. In the event that the breakdown of the fan motor takes place over time, replacement might be necessary. In case you have an older unit, substituting your condenser might need the replacement of other parts, especially if the system uses outdated R-22 refrigerant. The best way of maintaining ac condensers in a good condition is keeping them clean and ensuring the good function of the entire system. If you're cleaning the exterior or interior coils for the first time, we recommend you contact our company, which has certified technicians. Our technicians will give you tips on how to keep the coils clean and debris free. Moreover, we'll help you come up with a maintenance schedule to make your unit operate at peak efficiency.

Types of AC Condensers

Air-cooled Units

These kinds of condensers are usually in residences or small offices. There are some benefits to installing this kind. One benefit is that you don't require water piping. This is essential to eliminate surplus water from the unit. Additionally, it can save on water expenses. You'll also discover that the units are easier to install and have less initial costs. They don't use water to eliminate the surplus heat, which means they cause fewer problems and need less maintenance. However, they have some drawbacks. For instance, they need more power per refrigeration ton, resulting in more energy costs. Moreover, their lifespan is shorter.

Water-cooled Units

These are the most efficient kind of condensers you can install. Three kinds-shell and tube; double-tube, shell and coil exist. The most common kinds are shell and tube. They need less power per refrigeration ton, so they consume less power. While they might cost more initially, they save on monthly bills. The capacity of this type depends on the amount of circulating water, the water's temperature, and refrigerant's temperature. This kind needs regular cleaning to prevent bacteria and algae growth because it involves water.

Evaporative Condenser

This type combines the air and water-cooled condensers. By merging the two techniques, this kind can reject more heat compared to the air-cooled condenser. Moreover, it requires less operating power, so it consumes less energy. You'll also find that they have lower installation expenses and use less water. However, they're the least popular because they're best suited for huge commercial AC units. Your condenser is a vital part of your AC, so it's imperative you maintain it in a good working condition. Fortunately, you can count on our reliable and expert services in case your unit requires repair or replacement.  
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